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Introduction: -

It is Inflammation of a spinal joint; characterized by pain and stiffness.

Types of Spondylitis are as follows.

Ankylosing Spodylitis: -

A chronic form of spondylitis primarily in males and marked by impaired mobility of the spine; sometimes leads to ankylosis.

In this type there is rhematoid involvement of the spine particularly sacro-iliac joints,

In young male patients.The condition has a strong HLA-B27 association and may

have associated inflammatory diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, anterior

uveitis and Reiters sydrome.

It is also called Marie-Strumpell disease or Rhematoid Spodylitis.

Occasionally patients with ankylosing spondylitis will present after minor trauma

With unstable fractures.

Causations: -

Epidemiology: -

It is present in about 6 per cent of the normal population, is usually asymptomatic and is a common incidental finding.